Delegation of Sierra Leone Programme for United Nations General Assembly 78th Session - High-Level Week

The UN Security Council remains the global body charged with the primary responsibility of maintaining international peace and security. Its establishment was certainly a radical act 75 years ago. For the first time, nations gave up an element of their sovereignty to be bound by decisions of the Security Council, and also conferred on the Council global authority for the use of force.

Historically, the Council has indeed achieved much, including establishing two international criminal tribunals, expanding the use of sanctions, and setting up over 70 peace operations that have saved many lives. However, the Security Council has also failed repeatedly to prevent or mitigate conflict, aggression, and genocide.

Sierra Leone’s membership of the UN Security Council is anchored on the overarching theme of “Partnership and a Representative Approach to Sustained Global Peace and Security”, and this signifies the importance to build partnerships, effectively use the multilateral system and representation to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles and purposes of the United Nations.

Sierra Leone’s vision for a sustained global peace and security is inspired by 7 priorities, rooted in its firm commitment to international cooperation based on a multilateral rules-based system and a reformed Security Council that provides for equitable representation across all regions of the world.

The primary aim as captured in its vision is Partnership and Representation to Maintain Peace and Security. This is based on the full acknowledgment of the primary role of the Security Council in the maintenance of international peace and security and the belief that the intervention of Security Council in conflict prevention and in conflict situations should be decisive and timely. Sierra Leone seeks to achieve this goal through effective commitments in peace making and peace keeping operations and sharing its experience and lessons on peacemaking, peace keeping and peace building with other Council members.

As Chair of the AU Committee of Ten on the reform of the UN Security Council, mandated to canvass support for the Common African Position on the reform of the UN Security Council, Sierra Leone will pursue Africa’s vision of a reformed Security Council that is inclusive, geographically balanced, and transparent. Sierra Leone will work to enhance the working methods and reporting obligations of the Security Council to foster efficiency, transparency, and accountability. Sierra Leone holds the view that upholding the principles, objectives, and ideals of the UN Charter for a fairer world, based on universalism, equity and regional balance will make the UN Security Council fit for the purpose for our time.

Pursuing Human rights and accountability, ensuring that the UN is effectively able to maintain peace, and advocating for a culture of accountability will be a major policy engagement of Sierra Leone in the Council.

The meaningful participation and representation of women and youth at all levels in peace processes and security engagements will underpin Sierra Leone’s engagement in the Council.

Sierra Leone firmly believes that there is strong nexus between climate change and peace and security. It’s Council membership will robustly advance the case to tackle global climate security risks, following the multidimensional approach to address the adverse effects of Climate Change.

Tackling terrorism is another major aspiration for Sierra Leone’s membership in the Council, especially when the 2023 Global Terrorism Index refers to the sub-Saharan region of Africa as the epicenter of terrorism.

Finally, on small arms control, Sierra Leone will spotlight and continue to build support for the work to eradicate small arms which fuel armed conflicts and crime around the world.

For each and every member of the 15-member States Council priorities to be achieved, including Sierra Leone’s, trust, partnership, and representation is fundamental. Even where there are disagreements, the Security Council must be able to work effectively. The members of Council must be committed and must continue to adapt its practices, crafting new practices to contribute to a culture where better decisions are taken, more consultatively. For the next 2 years, Sierra Leone is expected to play an important role in ensuring an effective UN Security Council.  

Scroll to Top